Sejarah Anime


Anime is the term used to describe the movie Animation / Japanese cartoon.
The word is derived from the animation that the Japanese pronunciation becomes animeshon. The word was later shortened to anime. Although the anime is basically not intended exclusively for Japanese animation, but most people use these words to distinguish between an animated film made in Japan and non-Japanese.
The history of animation works in Japan begins with doing First
Experiments in Animation by Bokoten Shimokawa, Koichi Junichi, and
Kitayama Seitaro in 1913. Then followed a short film (only
duration of about 5 minutes) work entitled Oten Shimokawa Imokawa Mukuzo Genkanban no Maki in 1917. At that time Oten takes 6 months just to do the animation over 5 minutes and still be "a silent movie." Work Oten was then followed by the anime titled Saru Kani Kassen and Momotaro Kitayama Seitaro work in 1918, which made for the movie company Katsudo Nihon Shashin (Nikatsu). In 1918 Seitaro re-create anime with no Banpei Taro title. But all records about the anime is said to be lost due to the earthquake in Tokyo in 1923.
Besides Oten and Seitaro, there are also several other animators like, Junichi Kouichi (Hanahekonai Meitou no Maki, 1917), Sanae Yamamoto
(Obasuteyama, 1924), Noburo Ofuji (Saiyuki, 1926 and Urashima Taro, 1928), Yasushi Murata (Dobutsu Olympic Taikai, 1928). At the moment, there are also the first anime that have a sequel that is Sarugashima (1930) and the continuation of Kaizoku-bune (1931).
In 1927, the United States has managed to create animations by using sound (it was only using background music).
Japan then follow the steps and the first anime
using music is Kujira (1927) work Noburo Ofuji. While the first anime that "talk" is the work entitled Kuro Nyago Ofuji (1930) and a duration of 90 seconds. One of the anime that was recorded before World War II broke out and was the first anime to use the optical track (as used in the present) is Chikara To Onna No Yononaka (1932) by Kenzo Masaoka.
In 1943, Masaoka along with his disciples, Senoo Kosei, they make less than five episodes of the anime titled Momotaro no Umiwashi (Momotaro, the Sea Eagle). This is an anime that aired the first Japanese anime with a duration of more than 30 minutes (short animated feature film). Near the end of the War of the Pacific, namely in April 1945, Senoo have made and display approximately nine episodes of the anime which is a major work, Momotaro: Umi no Shinpei (Momotaro: Devine Soldier of the Sea). This anime is the first Japanese anime-length, which is about 72 minutes (animated feature film). Both are anime propaganda legend adapted from the famous Japanese story, Momotaro, and is one of the most popular anime at that time.
Noburo Ofuji also never tried to make anime that color. At that time he made the anime Ogon no Hana (1930) with only 2 colors, but never released. The first anime that was released with a new color
appear long after it is Boku no Yakyu (1948) by Megumi Asano.
After World War II, anime and manga industry to rise again
thanks to Osamu Tezuka. The man dubbed the "God of Manga" is at that time was only about 20 years and his work is Shintakarajima which appeared in 1947. Only in a few years, Tezuka became very famous.
When out of contract with Toei in 1962, Tezuka
later founded the Osamu Tezuka Production Animation Department, who then called the Mushi Productions with the production of his first short film titled Aru Machi Kado no Monogatari (1962). Mushi Productions famous product is the Tetsuwan Atom. However Tetsuwan Atom is not the first locally made animated television broadcast. Year 1960 is the first TV anime aired in Japan, namely Mittsu no Hanashi (Tree Tales) - The Third Blood which is the anime TV Special.
Followed by a TV production aired anime series titled Instant-Pro Otogi Story on May 1, 1961 in the television station Fuji (Fuji
Terebi). Although it only lasted 3 minutes enough to get this series
popularity and last until 1962. Serving anime is a sign for the birth of Japanese anime TV series that first production. However, Tetsuwan Atom was the first anime that aired on a regular basis. The event was very well known even to some countries outside of Japan (in America known as Tetsuwan Atom Astro Boy).

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